The two most common settings that you can come across in speculative fiction are utopia and dystopia. Speculative fiction is the term that includes such genres as science fiction, apocalyptic, supernatural and alternative history, horror, fantasy or any type of fiction that has nothing common with realistic fiction. Both utopia and dystopia belong particularly to the supernatural and non-realistic concepts of fiction. Existing utopia essay writing service affords opportunity to get splendid essay without effort.

A utopia is a perfect world where everything is peaceful and unnaturally smooth. Originating from the old Greek words “ou” (“no” or “not”) and “topos” (“place”), utopia signifies a place that does not exist, a place we can merely dream about, that is a true paradise! Here, in utopia disease, poverty, war, discrimination, dejection have no place. Even though it is considered that the term utopia was first brought about by Sir Thomas More, there were other writers who had described a real utopia even many centuries ago. Among the prior utopian books, we can mention the Republic by Plato and the biblical Garden of Eden in Genesis.

Anyway, dystopia is the right opposite of utopia. This is again an unnatural world where everything negative is extremely highlighted. There is nothing good or positive in dystopia including both political and physiological aspects. You can observe one of the most modern examples of dystopia in Suzanne Collins’ “The Hungry Games”. Here, in dystopia control of people’s minds is propagandized, the government is too oppressive, the gap between the rich and the poor is an immense one while freethinking is thoroughly forbidden.

So, after understanding what utopia and dystopia are, let us consider the most successful and efficient examples of dystopia and utopia fiction.

Sir Thomas More "Utopia" (1516)

Sir Thomas More “Utopia” (1516)

Utopia by Thomas More is perhaps the first one among all books about utopian societies that made writers again turn to creating perfect worlds, at least imaginary. In his book, More created an isolated world that featured refined social hierarchy, punishment system, education and agriculture and many other aspects that made his utopia a real paradise on earth.

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Plato’s “The Republic”

Long before Thomas More created his Utopia, Plato had laid down concrete parameters and schemes how to create an ideal state for people to live with equal rights in this utopia novel. Particularly Plato’s “The Republic” is the very first work envisaged to utopia

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Plato's "The Republic"

 

Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" (1726)

Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels” (1726)

Jonathan Swift described utopian communities as well in his most popular “Gulliver’s Travels”. The writer described a realistic utopia in his book. Why realistic? Because all the communities including the most notable Lilliputian society (most similar to England’s) had its hardships and governing gaps. Swift showed that there can be no ideal society or government and it is quite ridiculous to dream of creating one.

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Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” (1932)

All books by Aldous Huxley are impressive and serve as a target for criticism. The “Brave New World” is not an exception. This work is a bright example of dystopia. It describes a future world that has concentrated on making people feel happy without letting them be individuals. Yet, what happiness can be if you are not yourself? Huxley’s dystopia is a real example of propaganda of control over people’s minds.

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Aldous Huxley's "Brave New World" (1932)

 

Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451" (1953)

Ray Bradbury’s “Fahrenheit 451” (1953)

The “Fahrenheit” is Ray Bradbury’s most succeeded book ever written. This is among those socialist books that describe the future life of America. This work expresses the whole “spice” of dystopia by touching the theme of books in future. There, in his dystopia books were forbidden and burnt when found.

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George Orwell’s “Animal Farm” (1944)

The “animal Farm ” is another allegorical and dystopian novella that was published in the previous century. This book is devoted to the description of the world ruled by the Soviet Union and particularly Joseph Stalin. He believed that the Soviet Union was a bright example of brutal dictatorship while the country he created was no more than a real dystopia.

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George Orwell's "Animal Farm" (1944)

 

George Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty-Four" (1949)

George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four” (1949)

The “1984” is another masterpiece presented by George Orwell. In his book he presents the world entirely controlled with elimination of human rights, values. The world people in this dystopia lived was absolutely controlled just the way their actions were. The question of the book was whether people living in that cruel world ruled with hatred could survive and not lose their individuality.

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F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby”

Another real masterpiece describing a natural dystopia is Scott Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby”. Unlike other dystopia fiction books, this one has not gone far to describe what a man can feel in a real dystopia. The events in the novel take place in the Jazz Age. What people felt during this period of time? How did Americans live with the immense disillusionment and desperation? The book is a perfect means to feel all these, and accept such a simple fact that past never comes back. One had better let it go and continue his life.

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F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby"

 

Ernest Hemingway's "A Farewell to Arms"

Ernest Hemingway’s “A Farewell to Arms”

This book is one of the bests if not the best one within all books of English literature about the World War I. The dystopia described here is more than real. Numerous people lived and survived it. All young and innocent boys appeared in the center of World War I. They had to either lose their souls or lives. Those who survived became embittered and already had nothing to lose. Did life mean anything to them then?

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Johann von Goethe’s “Faust”

This is one of the greatest works of the whole German literature of all times. This tragic play consists of two parts. Goethe perfectly asserts his mysticism in this dramatic dystopia work. The whole importance to come to terms with the world one lives in no matter how is unveiled here.

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Johann von Goethe's "Faust"

 

 

Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One Hundred Years Solitude"

Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s “One Hundred Years Solitude”

This book is one of the most impressive modern classics. The writer described a world thoroughly ruled with loneliness. People here are doomed to desperation, disappointment and eventually loneliness. How can people live in such a dystopia? What a human evolution can lead to the creation of such a cold, empty and fake world? The book is the answer to these questions.

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